Sustainable consumption is a concept closely associated with the concept of sustainable production and the articulation of both is what is known as sustainable development. In its initial definition:
It is in the hands of humanity to make its development sustainable, lasting, that is, to ensure that it meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own.1
Sustainable consumption and production are essential in the global fight on sustainability challenges such as climate change, global hunger or environmental pollution.
Sustainable development, as well as sustainable consumption, are based on certain premises such as:
- Appropriate use of resources and minimization of waste and pollution;
- The use of renewable resources within their renewal capacity;
- Products with a long life cycle;
- Intergenerational and intragenerational equity.